I’m doing this blog post in two pieces; a short explanation up top and then a more technical explanation down below. Pick one or read both and learn a bit. 🙂
Just the facts
If you want to use OpenDNS nameservers and DNSBLs (DNS real-time Blacklists) on the same server, computer or network, go right ahead. We’ve rolled out a new feature today that allows you to use our much-loved typo-correction service without worrying about blocking email if you’re running a mail server, too. We went ahead and rolled this out as as a system upgrade so there’s no new preference for it. We’ve updated the FAQ entry on mail servers accordingly. Now DNSBL spam prevention and typo-correction go together like peanut butter and jelly (or chocolate… your choice).
If you were previously not using the typo-correction service because you also ran a mail server then head on over to the preferences page and re-enable it.
Talk nerdy to me
DNSBLs carry information about known IP addresses in their zone of DNS. This is often used to combat spam because a mail server can ask a DNSBL “Do you know anything about this IP?” They cleverly use the DNS to make this process quick and seamless. A mail server that gets a request to deliver mail from 192.168.1.2 asks a DNSBL: “Do you know anything about 22.214.171.124.in.yourdnsbl.tld?” and the DNSBL either says “yes I do” or “no I don’t.” The problem is created because when a mail server is using OpenDNS and asks us to correct typos, we interpret the “no I don’t” answer (called RCODE=3 or NXDOMAIN) as a typo that should be forwarded off to our typo-correction service. This causes a mail server to not see the “no I don’t” and instead believe that the answer was “yes I do” which can cause a mail server to block a message thinking it’s from a spam sender. Previously, the only way to fix this was to disable typo correction, one of the benefits of using OpenDNS.
Our solution has been to disable typo-correction for DNSBL-matching requests. What’s a DNSBL-matching request? Any request greater than six labels which has four numerical octets within the IPv4 addressing space for the last-most labels is considered a DNSBL-style request. This wasn’t offered as a preference as turning this off would only lead to confusion, especially with typo-correction enabled.
End of the story? You can get the typo-correction you want and run a mail-server that uses DNSBLs without worrying. Enjoy!